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Tripoli Agreement Philippines

by on Dec.19, 2020, under Uncategorized

Among the mediators of the agreement were members of the four-page ministerial committee of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, headed by Ali Abdussalam Treki, representing Muammar Gaddafi, head of the host country, and the secretary general of the OIC, Amadou Karim Gaye. [4] Other members of the Quadrangle Ministerial Committee included, in addition to Treki, representatives from Saudi Arabia, Senegal and Somalia. [1] After more than 17 years of painstaking negotiations with the Philippine government (1996-2013), MILF appears to have succeeded in forging several peace agreements, including a new Tripoli agreement, signed in 2006. All agreements that have brought progressive benefits to MILF can be included in two important agreements: the Bangsamoro Framework Agreement (FAB) signed in 2012 and the Comprehensive Bangsamoro Agreement (CAB), signed two years later in 2014. The CAB has incorporated all the provisions not implemented into previous agreements, including the provisions of the VPA and the original Tripoli agreement. After the signing of the Tripoli agreement, some of the founding members of the MNLF, such as Ustadz Salamat Hashim, decided to create their own group. Ustadz Hashim, part of the MNLF delegation that was present in Tripoli in December 1976, led the MILF from its founding years until its death in 2001. Ferdinand Marcos then implemented the agreement by creating two autonomous regions (instead of one) of ten provinces (instead of thirteen). This led to the collapse of the peace pact and the resumption of hostilities between the MNLF and Philippine government forces. [10] The 1976 Tripoli Agreement was signed on 23 December 1976 in Tripoli, Libya, by Carmelo Z. Barbero as a representative of the Philippine government and Only Misuari of the Moro National Liberation Front. [1] The agreement established autonomous administrative units for Muslims in the southern Philippines, the formation of an autonomous government, the Sharia justice system and special security forces, and compliance with a ceasefire. [2] The autonomous region should have its own economic system, including an Islamic bank.

[3] However, President Marcos found, as wise, ways to oust the MNLF to sign an agreement filled with provisions that were unclear as to future implementation, such as mantra phrases such as “discuss later,” “fix later” or “determine later.” Eleven of the nineteen provisions of the agreement ended either with “discussing later” or “to be fixed or to be fixed at a later date.” That same year, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, which had separated from the MNLF in 1977, began informal discussions with the Ramos government. However, these were not followed, and milF began to recruit and establish camps and become the dominant Muslim rebel group. Joseph Estrada`s government has called for a firm stance against it; Gloria Macapagal Arroyo tried to sign a peace agreement with him, but it was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. [12] When an interim ceasefire agreement was signed in 1993, Indonesia, as a member of ASEAN, became responsible for the implementation of the ceasefire and provided personnel as a ceasefire observer. Philippine President Fidel V.


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